Assessment of bacteriological quality of drinking water in Belagavi City, India
With the growing population and industrialization, the potability of drinking water has been decreased due to pollution and improper sanitization. In this context the present study was aimed to check the potability of drinking water by Multiple Tube method and Membrane Filter technique and to identify bacteria from Membrane Filter technique. 100 samples from 10 different wards of Belagavi City were collected. Bacteriological analysis was done for the presence of fecal coliforms, fecal Streptococci, Salmonella and Shigella by presumptive coliform test and multiple tube method (MPN) and membrane filter (MF) techniques were used for estimation of coliform bacteria. Twelve out of 100 samples were found to be unsatisfactory for drinking purpose. A total of five different strains were isolated from 100 samples. Genera isolated were Corynebacterium species, Micrococci, Gram positive Bacilli, Staphylococcus aureus, Citrobacter freundii. 88% of the sources were hygienic for drinking purposes and for the rest of the sources, proper measure should be taken to maintain sanitary of the drinking water by regular check on the equipment, maintaining structural faults and proper disinfection of equipments.
2. Mishra PC, Patel RK. Study of pollution load in the drinking water of Rairangpur, a small tribal dominated town of North Orissa. Indian J Environ Ecoplan. 2001; 5(2): 293-298.
3. Naik S, Purohit KM. Studies on water quality of river Brahmani in Sundargarh district, Orissa. Indian J Environ Ecoplan. 2001; 5(2): 397-402.
4. Singh DF. Studies on the water quality index of some major rivers of Pune, Maharashtra. Proc Acad Environ Biol. 1992; 1(1): 61-66.
5. Tiwari TN, Mishra MA. A preliminary assignment of water quality index of major Indian rivers. Indian J Environ Prote. 1985; 5: 276-279.
6. Chitanand MP, Gyananath G, Lade HS. Bacterial assessment of ground water: a case study of Nanded city. J Environ Biol. 2008; 29(3): 315-318.
7. Jiban Singh M, Somashekar RK, Prakash KL, Shinarnna L. Bacteriological assessment of ground water in Arkavathi and Vrishabhanathibasisns Banglore, Karnataka. J Ecol Nat Environ. 2009; 1(6): 156-159.
8. Shaji C, Nimi H, Bindu L. Water quality assessment of open wells in and around Chanara industrial area, Quilon, Kerala. J Environ. 2009; 30(5): 701-704.
9. Chauhan NT, Prajapati P, Trivedi AV, Bhagyalaxmii. A epidemic investigation of the jaundice outbreak in Girdharnagar, Ahmedanad, Gujarat, India, 2008. Indian J Commun Med. 2010; 35: 294-297.
10. Tandon BN, Gandhi BM, Joshi YK, Irshad M, Gupta H. Hepatitis non-A, non-B: the cause of major public health problem in India. Bull World Health Organ. 1985; 63; 931-934.
11. Monthly Newsletter of National Institute of Communicable Diseases. Vol. 4. Outbreaks if Viral Hepatitis E: Public health system needs to be alert. CD Alert, Delhi: National Institute of Communicable Diseases: 2000.
12. WHO. Hepatitis E, Chad. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2004; 35: 313-20.
13. WHO. Hepatitis E, WHO/CSR. 2010. Available: http://www.who.int/emc (accessed on 2008 Aug 9).
14. Banerjia, Sahni AK, Rajiva, Nagendra A, Saiprasad GS. Outbreak of viral hepatitis E in a regimental training. Med J Armed Fforced India. 2005; 61: 326-329.
15. Bhagyalaxmi A, Gadhvi M, Bhvsar BS. Epidemiological investigation of an outbreak of infectious hepatitis in Dalkor Town. Indian J Commun Med. 2007; 32: 277-279.
16. Sarguna P, Rao, Sudha Rmana K. Outbreak of acute viral hepatitis due to hepatitis due to hepatitis E virus in Hyderabad. Indian J Med Microbial. 2007; 25: 378-382.
17. Das P, Adhikaru KK, Gupta PK. An outbreak investigation of viral hepatitis E in South Dumdum Municipality of Kolkata. Indian J Commun Med. 2007; 32: 84-85.
18. Sreenivasan MA, Banerjee K, Pandya PG, Kotak RR, Pandya PM Desai NJ. Epidermiological investigation of an outbreak of infectious hepatitis in Ahmedabad city during 1975-76. Indian J Med Res. 1978; 67: 197-206.
19. Khan JA, Agarwal RK, Majumdar A, Chadha S. Investigation of an outbreak of infective hepatitis in Ahmedabad Municipal corporation (Gujarat State). Indian J Pract Doct. 2006; 3: 3-4.
20. Antony RM, Renuga FB. Microbiological analysis of drinking water quality of Ananthanar channel of Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu, India. Ambi-Agua, Taubate. 2012; 7(2): 42-48.
21. Bureau of Indian Standards- BIS. IS: 1622: method of sampling and microbiological examination of water. Edn. 2.4. New Delhi, 1981. Reaffirmed 1996, 2003 to 2005.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.