Climate changes mitigate anticipation strategy based on local wisdom - a study of Tobelo Dalam tribe (Togutil) in Halmahera Island, Indonesia

Nasir M. Tamalene, Mimien Henie Irawati Al Muhdhar, Tamrin Robo

Abstract


The global climate change affects local society. Local people play an important role in conserving forest since it is useful for surrounded environment as water regulator (hydrological), biological variety protection, and climate balance controller. The present study employed qualitative method with participation observation technique in which the researcher involved in the informants’ daily activities. The informants were chosen by using snowball sampling technique. The data obtained were analysed qualitatively and followed by thematic analysis. The result of the study revealed that the practice of local wisdom in referring to forest protection can be divided into three zones, namely: forbidden forest zone (Giwengawatoro), utilized forest zone (Mialolingiri), and stream forest zone. On the community utilization aspect, Tobelo Dalam tribe (Togutil) has a local knowledge related to wood exploitation based on local wisdom through daily live tradition, they are plants for saving water, keeping moist and temperature, fertilize soil, medical treatment, and braid, ritual, aromatic, poison, food, cloth, housing, pesticide, cosmetic, and bio monitoring materials. These local wisdoms were obtained from the ancestors from each generation to conserve the forest through reforestation on a critical land, exploited forest, and stream area. The implementation of the local wisdom in terms of protecting the forest is divided into three zones, they are forbidden forest zone (Giwengawatoro), utilized forest zone (Mialolingiri), and stream forest zone.   


Keywords


Mitigation; Climate changes; Local wisdom; Tobelo Dalam tribe (Togutil)

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References


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