Morphometric analysis and hydrogeomorphological implication of Paisuni river basin Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India

Pushpendra Singh Rajpoot, Ajay Kumar, Sandeep Goyal, R. K. Trivedi

Abstract


The term morphometry is used in several disciplines to mean the measurement and analysis of form characteristics. This study incorporates morphometric linear, aerial and relief aspect of fluvial characteristics of Paisuni river basin. Paisuni river basin covers 571.44 sq km area. Entire drainage network is spread over Sandstones, Limestone and Alluvium with undulating topography. Paisuni river has dendritic drainage pattern. Bifurcation ratio is above 3 which indicate that basin has undulating topography. Mean bifurcation ratio is 3.59 which shows that basin is highly structurally distorted. Relief ratio is 8.8 m/km which shows moderate to high relief of basin. Drainage density & frequency are more and drainage texture is fine which shows that basin is impermeable and having low ground water recharging characters with sparse vegetation. Form factor and circulatory ratio indicates basin shape is elongated. Longitudinal profile shows that basin has high relief in first order drainages and as drainage order increases, relief decreases and finally converts into flat basin at the outlet. Present study is useful to identify the sites for artificial recharging structures to reduce the surface runoff.


Keywords


Morphometry; Hydrogeomorphology; Dendritic; Paisuni River

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