An overview on Parkia biglobosa starch digestibility, health benefits and some applications
African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) tree is an important food tree and source of starch from its seeds. The purpose of this work is to address the African locust bean starch extraction, in vitro digestibility, health benefits and use of its resistant starch-rich powder in application of bread making reported in the available literature. Optimized method of starch extraction from P. biglobosa seed was highlighted. In vitro digestibility of different Parkia starch obtained are of nutritional and health benefit grades. Based on the results in the literature the sensory analysis of the different portion of Parkia resistant starch-rich powder in application of bread making reported to have shown significant acceptability by the consumers in comparison with full wheat bread. This overview on Parkia starch could be a channel for food developers to rethink of using this research results in bringing up a nutritionally health benefits functional food products, especially in developing countries were malnutrition is prevalent.
2. Teklehaimanot Z. Exploiting the potential of indigenous agroforestry trees: Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa in sub-Saharan Africa. Agrofor Systems. 2004; 61: 207-220.
3. Millgo-kone H, Guisson IP, Ncoulna O, Traore AS. Study of the antibacterial activity of the stem bark and leaf extracts of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) Benth on Staphylococcus aureus. Afr J Trad Complem Alter Med. 2006; 3: 74-78.
4. Alabi DA, Akinsulire OR, Sanyanyalolu MA. Quantitative determination of chemical and nutritional composition of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth. Afr J Biotechnol. 2005; 4(8): 812-815.
5. Zhang G, Hamaker BR. The nutritional property of endosperm starch and its contribution to the health benefits of whole grain foods. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017; 57(18): 3807-3817.
6. Ihegwuagu NE, Omojola MO, Emeje MO, Kunle OO. Isolation and evaluation of some physicochemical properties of Parkia biglobosa starch. Pure Appl Chem. 2009; 81: 97-104.
7. Campbell-Platt G. African locust bean and its West African fermented products-Dadawa. Ecol Food Nut. 1980; 9: 123-132.
8. Abdulhamid B, Dawaki SA, Dau HJ. Diameter at breast height-crown width prediction models for Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) R. Br. ex G. Don. Curr Life Sci. 2017; 3(2): 15-21.
9. Agroforestree Database. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) 2008.
10. Hall JB, Tomlinson HF, Oni, PI, Buchy M, Aebischer PD. Parkia biglobosa: A Monograph. School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor, UK, 1997.
11. Sabiiti EN, Cobbina J. Parkia biglobosa: a potential multipurpose fodder tree legume in West Africa. Int Tree Crops J. 1992; 7(3): 113-139.
12. Magallanes‐Cruz PA, Flores‐Silva PC, Bello‐Perez LA. Starch structure influences its digestibility: a review. J Food Sci. 2017; 82(9): 2016-2023.
13. Panyoo AE, Emmambux MN. Amylose-lipid complex production and potential health benefits: a mini‐review. Starch‐Stärke. 2017; 69(7-8): 1600203.
14. Brown WH, Poon T. Introduction to organic chemistry. 3rd ed. Wiley, 2005.
15. Iheke E, Oshodi A, Omoboye A, Ogunlalu O. Effect of fermentation on the physicochemical properties and nutritionally valuable minerals of locust bean (Parkia biglobosa). Am J Food Technol. 2017; 12: 379-384.
16. Revedin A, Aranguren B, Becattini R, Longo L, Marconi E, Lippi MM, et al. Thirty thousand-year-old evidence of plant food processing. Proc Nat Acad Sci. 2010; 107(44): 18815-18819.
17. Hunter D. Papermaking. Dover Publications, 2011.
18. Agama-Acevedo E, Flores-Silva PC, Bello-Perez LA. Cereal starch production for food applications. In: Starches for food application. Academic Press, 2019: 71-102.
19. Witczak M, Ziobro R, Juszczak L, Korus J. Starch and starch derivatives in gluten-free systems - a review. J Cereal Sci. 2016; 67: 46-57.
20. Torrence R, Barton H, eds. Ancient starch research. Routledge, 2016.
21. Sankhon A, Amadou I, Yao WR, Wang H, Qian H, Sangare M. Comparison of physicochemical and functional properties of flour and starch extract in different methods from Africa locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) seeds. Afr J Trad Compl Alter Med. 2014; 11(2): 264-272.
22. El Halal SLM, Colussi R, Pinto VZ, Bartz J, Radunz M, Carreño NLV, da Rosa Zavareze E. Structure, morphology and functionality of acetylated and oxidised barley starches. Food Chem. 2015; 168: 247-256.
23. Adebowale KO, Lawal OS. Effect of annealing and heat moisture conditioning on the physicochemical characteristics of bambara groundnut (Voandzeia subterranean) starch. Nahrung/Food. 2002; 46: 311-316.
24. Omojola MO, Akinkunmi YO, Olufunsho KO, Egharevba HO, Martins EO. Isolation and physic-chemical characterization of cola starch. Afr J Food Agric Nutr Dev. 2010; 10(7): 2884-2900.
25. Chanapamokkhot H, Thongngam M. The chemical and physico-chemical properties of sorghum starch and flour. Kasetsart J Nat Sci. 2007; 41: 343-349.
26. Lin L, Cai C, Gilbert RG, Li E, Wang J, Wei C. Relationships between amylopectin molecular structures and functional properties of different-sized fractions of normal and high-amylose maize starches. Food Hyd. 2016; 52: 359-368.
27. Englyst HN, Kingman SM, Cummings JH. Classification and measurement of nutritional important starch fractions. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1992; 46: S33-S50.
28. Dona AC, Pages G, Gilbert RG, Kuchel PW. Digestion of starch: in vivo and in vitro kinetic models used to characterize oligosaccharide or glucose release - review. Carboh Polym. 2010; 80: 599-617.
29. Ashwar BA, Gani A, Shah A, Wani IA, Masoodi FA. Preparation, health benefits and applications of resistant starch - a review. Starch‐Stärke. 2016; 68(3-4): 287-301.
30. Raigond P, Ezekiel R, Raigond B. Resistant starch in food: a review. J Sci Food Agric. 2015; 95(10): 1968-1978.
31. Reshmi SK, Sudha ML, Shashirekha MN. Starch digestibility and predicted glycemic index in the bread fortified with pomelo (Citrus maxima) fruit segments. Food Chem. 2017; 237: 957-965.
32. Lehmann U, Robin F. Slowly digestible starch - its structure and health implications: a review. Trends Food Sci Technol. 2007; 18: 346-355.
33. Zaman SA, Sarbini SR. The potential of resistant starch as a prebiotic. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2016; 36(3): 578-584.
34. Zarinah Z, Anis AA, Napisah H, Shazila S. Prebiotic activity score of breadfruit resistant starch (Artocarpus altilis), Breadfruit flour, and inulin during in-vitro fermentation by pure cultures (Lactobacillus plantarum, and Bifidobacterium bifidum). J Agrobiotechnol. 2018; 9(1S): 122-131.
35. Stewart ML, Zimmer JP. Postprandial glucose and insulin response to a high-fiber muffin top containing resistant starch type 4 in healthy adults: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Nutr. 2018; 53: 59-63.
36. Lockyer S, Nugent AP. Health effects of resistant starch. Nutr Bull. 2017; 42(1): 10-41.
37. Keenan MJ, Zhou J, Hegsted M, Pelkman C, Durham HA, Coulon DB, Martin RJ. Role of resistant starch in improving gut health, adiposity, and insulin resistance. Adv Nutr. 2015; 6(2): 198-205.
38. Eerlingen RC, Delcour JA. Formation, analysis, structure and properties of Type III enzyme resistant starch. J Cereal Sci. 1995; 22: 129-138.
39. Sankhon A, Amadou I, Yao WR. Application of resistant starch in bread: processing, proximate composition and sensory quality of functional bread products from wheat flour and African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) flour. Agric Sci. 2013; 4(5B): 122-129.
40. Camelo-Méndez GA, Agama-Acevedo E, Sanchez-Rivera MM, Bello-Pérez LA. Effect on in vitro starch digestibility of Mexican blue maize anthocyanins. Food Chem. 2016; 211: 281-284.
41. Sankhon A, Yao WR, Amadou I, Wang H, Qian H, Sangare M. The impact of pyrodextrinization, cross-linking and heat-moisture on in vitro digestibility and formation of resistant starch of an African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa). Trop J Pharm Res. 2013; 12(2): 173-179.
42. Sankhon A, Yao WR, Amadou I, Wang H, Qian H, Sangare M. Influence of process conditions on digestibility of african locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) starch. Am J Food Technol. 2012; 7(9): 552-561.
43. Chung HJ, Liu Q, Pauls KP, Fan MZ, Yada R. In vitro starch digestibility, expected glycemic index and some physicochemical properties of starch and flour from common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties grown in Canada. Food Res Int. 2008; 41: 869-875.
44. Chung HJ, DH, Shin Lim ST. In vitro starch digestibility and estimated glycemic index of chemically modified corn starches. Food Res Int. 2008; 41: 579-585.
45. AACC. Approved methods on the AACC (10th edn.). St. Paul, MN, USA: American Association of Cereal Chemists, 2000.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.