Essential oils as green pesticides of stored grain insects

  • Mukesh Kumar Chaubey Department of Zoology, National Post Graduate College, Barahalganj, Gorakhpur - 273 402, Uttar Pradesh, India
Keywords: Essential oils, Terpenes, Stored grain insects, Antifeedants, Insect growth regulators

Abstract

Essential oils are naturally occurring phytochemicals produced as secondary metabolite in plants. These are complex mixtures of volatile compounds and generally contain twenty to sixty individual compounds in different concentrations. They are lipophilic in nature and have density lower than water. These interfere with basic metabolic, biochemical, physiological and behavioral functions of insects. Several essential oils and its constituents have been established for their repellent, antifeedant, ovicidal, oviposition inhibitory and developmental inhibitory activities in insects. These insecticides probably interfere with the respiratory and nervous system of the insect to exert its actions. These essential oils provide an alternative source of insect control agents because they contain a range of bioactive chemicals, most of which are selective and have little or no harmful effect on the environment and the non-target organisms including human. Essential oils based formulations can be used as alternative tools in stored-grain insect management.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3528366

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Published
2019-11-04
How to Cite
Chaubey, M. (2019). Essential oils as green pesticides of stored grain insects. European Journal of Biological Research, 9(4), 202-244. Retrieved from http://journals.tmkarpinski.com/index.php/ejbr/article/view/167
Section
Review Articles