Dental health among 15 year old children from Strumica city in South-Eastern part of Republic of Macedonia

Vesna Ambarkova, Vladimir Popovski


Aim: The aim of this study was to assess dental caries in 15-year-old children attending regular public secondary school in Strumica.

Methods: The study was conducted during 2013 year for adolescents aged15. Inthis cross-sectional study, secondary school children from first grades [n=545] were selected from two Secondary Schools in Strumica. Participants dental status was evaluated using the 1997 World Health Organization caries diagnostic criteria for Decayed, Missing or Filled Teeth [DMFT] by 2 calibrated examiners. P value ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The total number of children in the sample was 545, comprising 206 [37.80%] females and 339 [62.20%] males. The mean DMFT was 3.36, with standard deviation [SD] of 2.99 and 95% confidence interval [CI] of 3.11-3.61. Significant caries [SiC] index was 6.69. The prevalence of caries-free children was 19.08 %. The percentage of untreated caries or the ration of DT/DMFT was 0.4386 [43.86%].

Conclusions: Dental caries experience was seen to be moderate among secondary school children from Strumica city and its surrounding.


Caries; Caries prevalence; DMFT index; Macedonia; School children

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