Biodiversity conservation through ecologically sustainable strategies

Dibyajyoti Ghosh, Paromit Chatterjee, Krishnendu Mondal


Biodiversity conservation strategies often face backlash from different regions of Globe in between the process of being materialized. Direct wildlife damage alone holds the main reason for these kinds of repercussion. Peoples’ attitude towards wildlife is complex, with social factors as diverse as religious affiliation, ethnicity and cultural beliefs, all shaping conflict intensity. Traditional knowledge is vital for sustainability of natural resources, particularly in the light of contemporary research on traditional and formal knowledge systems and demonstrates the value of traditional knowledge for biodiversity conservation. Exploration of probable ecological roles of different sociological mechanisms of people belonging from different cultural backgrounds expressed by their traditional resource practices should open a new prospect on sustainable development agenda. Study must be conducted on the limitations and barriers of legislative implications on different people of cultural belief. Traditional knowledge should be explored first to gather the cultural background of species specific taboos and the goal should be to understand their possible ecological roles as well as to study if they can be used as a tool for the conservation of greater good. These should have a two-fold benefit where capacity building among the people of different cultural beliefs and conservation with sustainable use of these resources would be easier to imply. In this paper, therefore, we intend to review the taboos and cultural philosophies with an eye to the possible mitigation strategies of human-wildlife encounters and to certain if this formula can levitate the capacity and approach of the local people more conservation specific.


Biodiversity conservation; Ecology; Animals

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